ما هي العناصر الجديدة في HTML5 وما هي العناصر المحذوفة من html 4

09 مارس


New Elements in HTML5

The internet, and the use of the internet, has changed a lot since HTML 4.01 became a standard in 1999.

Today, some elements in HTML 4.01 are obsolete, never used, or not used the way they were intended. These elements are removed or re-written in HTML5.

To better handle today’s internet use, HTML5 also includes new elements for better structure, better form handling, drawing, and for media content.

New Semantic/Structural Elements

HTML5 offers new elements for better structure:




Defines an article


Defines content aside from the page content


Isolates a part of text that might be formatted in a different direction from other text outside it


Defines a command button that a user can invoke


Defines additional details that the user can view or hide


Defines a dialog box or window


Defines a visible heading for a <details> element


Specifies self-contained content, like illustrations, diagrams, photos, code listings, etc.


Defines a caption for a <figure> element


Defines a footer for a document or section


Defines a header for a document or section


Groups a set of <h1> to <h6> elements when a heading has multiple levels


Defines marked/highlighted text


Defines a scalar measurement within a known range (a gauge)


Defines navigation links


Represents the progress of a task


Defines a ruby annotation (for East Asian typography)


Defines an explanation/pronunciation of characters (for East Asian typography)


Defines what to show in browsers that do not support ruby annotations


Defines a section in a document


Defines a date/time


Defines a possible line-break

New Media Elements

HTML5 offers new elements for media content:




Defines sound content


Defines a video or movie


Defines multiple media resources for <video> and <audio>

Defines a container for an external application or interactive content (a plug-in)


Defines text tracks for <video> and <audio>

The new <canvas> Element




Used to draw graphics, on the fly, via scripting (usually JavaScript)

New Form Elements

HTML5 offers new form elements, for more functionality:




Specifies a list of pre-defined options for input controls


Defines a key-pair generator field (for forms)


Defines the result of a calculation

Removed Elements

The following HTML 4.01 elements are removed from HTML5:

  • <acronym>
  • <applet>
  • <basefont>
  • <big>
  • <center>
  • <dir>
  • <font>
  • <frame>
  • <frameset>
  • <noframes>
  • <strike>
  • <tt>

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